Plural forms of nouns rules

A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. Prototypical English nouns show number through singular and plural forms. Singular nouns reference one person, place, thing, or idea while plural nouns reference two or more people, places, things, or ideas. Regular nouns in English take either the suffix -s or the suffix -es attached to the singular form in the plural.

The following sections explain and exemplify the spelling and pronunciation rules for forming the plurals of regular nouns in English.

Plural Rules: Everything You Need to Know About Using English Plural Nouns

The plural morphological suffix for most English nouns is simply -swhich is added to the end of the singular form. For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common regular English nouns:. If the singular form of the noun ends with a consonant followed by a ythen the y changes to an i and is followed by the plural morphological suffix is -es. For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common regular English nouns ending in a consonant followed by a y :.

If the singular form of the noun ends with f or fethen the f or fe changes to a ve and is followed by the plural morphological suffix is -s.

For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common regular English nouns ending in f or fe :. The f or fe to ve rule does not apply if the verb form of the noun ends in ve as in belief-beliefs noun and believe-believes verb. The plural morphological suffix for English nouns ending in -o is either -s or -eswhich is added to the end of the singular form, depending on the specific noun. If the singular form of the noun ends with an o preceded by another vowel or vowel sound, then the plural morphological suffix is -s.

For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common English nouns ending in an o preceded by a vowel or vowel sound:. If the singular form of the noun ends in o and the word is of foreign origin including most musical terms, then the plural morphological suffix is also -s. For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common English nouns of foreign origin ending in an o :.

If the singular form of the noun ends with an o preceded by a consonant, then the plural morphological suffix is -es. For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common English nouns ending in an o preceded by a consonant:.

For some nouns ending in an o preceded by a consonant, however, the plural morphological suffix is either -s or -es.

Plural Forms of Nouns (HD Version)

For example, the following chart identifies the singular and plural forms of some common English nouns that take either the -s or the -es suffix:.

The current trend for spelling the plurals of nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant seems to be moving in the direction of adding only the morphological suffix -sparticularly in the case of nouns with variable spellings. Although the plural morphological suffix for regular English nouns is -s or -esthe suffix is pronounced differently depending on the sound of the last syllable of the noun. If the last syllable of the noun sounds like:.

If the last syllable of the noun is a voiceless sound, then the suffix is pronounced as an unvoiced s [s]. Voiceless sounds are produced by not vibrating the larynx in the throat.NOTE: Volcano has two correct forms of plural. Both volcanos and volcanoes are accepted. There are a number of nouns that don't follow these rules.

They are irregular and you need to learn them individually because they don't normally have an S on the end. Sometimes you will hear the word fishes especially in songs though it is grammatically incorrect. The next rules are a lot more advanced and even native speakers have difficulty with these.

Unless you are an advanced student, I wouldn't recommend learning them just now. If the noun ends in IS, we change it to ES. Words that end in IS usually have a Greek root. If the noun ends in US, we change it to I. Words that end in US usually have a Latin root. Some exceptions: octupus - octupuses because it is from Greek, not Latinwalrus - walruses. Pronunciation Rules: You might be interested in the Pronunciation of -S at the end of words in English.

Grammar Games: Try our interactive games to practice plural nouns both regular and irregular : Plural Nouns. You can check the answers to this worksheet here: Answers to the Plural Nouns Worksheet. If you found this grammar guide about Plural Nouns in English useful, let others know about it:.

A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. There are many different topics and levels.

Grammar Notes A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. Learn Grammar. Grammar Games Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. Play our Games. Connect with us.Animals should not be caged in zoos. Some nouns ending in -s or -z are made plural by the -s or -z being doubled prior to adding the -es.

To make plurals from nouns ending in a -y where the letter before the -y is a consonant, change the y to an i and add an -es. If the noun ending in a -y is preceded by a vowel, its plural is formed by adding an -s.

To make plurals of nouns ending in the letter -f or -fe, change -f and -fe to -v and add an -es. There are a few exceptions to this rule. The nouns ending in an -ff take an -s in the plural form. To make plurals of nouns ending in the letter -o, add -es.

If -o is preceded by a vowel, just add -s. Some nouns ending in -us can be made plural in two ways: by changing the -us to -i and by adding an -es. Certain words that end in -us and have come to the English language from Latin become plural by replacing -us with -i. The basic rule is that a singular subject takes a singular verb, whereas a plural subject takes a plural verb.

Alex is working on his assignment. Alex and Emma are working on their assignments. Certain nouns look like plural nouns, but are actually singular and take singular verbs. The plurals of compound nouns are formed by adding -s to the principal word or headword. The version with -s at the end of the word: handfuls and spoonfuls, is a little more widely practiced though.

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When neither of the two words that make up a compound noun is a noun, the -s is added to the preposition. Hone your skills using our free printable Singular and Plural Noun Worksheets. Worksheets Math Lessons Grammar Lessons. What Is a Plural Noun? What Is a Singular Noun? A singular noun refers to just one person, animal, place, or an idea.

Examples: This is my computer. I met the engineer. A plural noun is used to denote more than one person, animal, place, or idea. Examples: The kids are in the park. Rules for Forming Plural Nouns There are many rules to form plural nouns. The general rule in English to form plurals is to add an -s.

Examples: toy - toys rat - rats To make the plurals of nouns ending in -s, -x, -sh, -ch, -ss or -z, add an -es. Examples: bus - buses box - boxes bush - bush church - churches glass - glasses buzz - buzzes Some nouns ending in -s or -z are made plural by the -s or -z being doubled prior to adding the -es. Example: quiz - quizzes To make plurals from nouns ending in a -y where the letter before the -y is a consonant, change the y to an i and add an -es. Examples: city - cities country β€” countries If the noun ending in a -y is preceded by a vowel, its plural is formed by adding an -s.

Examples: boy - boys tray - trays To make plurals of nouns ending in the letter -f or -fe, change -f and -fe to -v and add an -es. Example: wife - wives There are a few exceptions to this rule. Example: cliff - cliffs The nouns ending in -ief, -oof, eef, ff, or -rf generally take -s to form plurals.

Examples: belief - beliefs dwarf - dwarfs gulf - gulfs To make plurals of nouns ending in the letter -o, add -es. Examples: hero - heroes foe - foes If -o is preceded by a vowel, then just add -s.The K5 Learning Blog urges parents to be pro-active in helping their children reach their full academic potential.

The English language has both regular and irregular plural forms of nouns. There are rules for both the regular and irregular forms. There is no easy way to remember the irregular plural nounsso they will just have to be memorized. The most common case is when you need to add -s to the noun.

For example: one pear β€” three pears. Nouns that end with s, x, ch or sh, where you add β€”es For example: one box β€” three boxes. Nouns that end with -o, where you add -es. For example: one potato - four potatoes.

Plural Nouns: Rules and Examples

Nouns ending with -is, where you change -is to -es. For example: one crisis - two crises.

plural forms of nouns rules

Nouns ending with -f, where you change β€”f to -v and add -es. For example: one wolf - five wolves. Nouns ending with -fe, where you change -f to -v and add -s. For example: one life β€” three lives.

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Nouns ending with -us, where you change -us to -i. For example: one fungus β€” six fungi. Nouns that contain -oo, change -oo to -ee. For example: one foot - two feet. Nouns that end with -on, where you change -on with -a.It really helped me put together an interesting post for you. This article is especially beneficial to those who have just started to learn the English language, and also for English teachers, who can use this infographic to teach children.

Singular nouns are easy to understand. The plural form is more peculiar. The first rule is the simplest one: to form the plural in English, just add the suffix β€”s to the noun.

For example, orange β€” orangespen β€” pens. Or add the suffix β€”es if the word ends with -ss-x-ch-sh : dress β€” dressesfox β€” foxesbench β€” benchesdish β€” dishes.

However, if there is a vowel before the letter y ey, ay, oysimply add β€”s without changing anything else: monke y β€” monke ysto y β€” to ysda y β€” da ys. Now, write the plural forms of these nouns to me in the comments:.

However, if there is a consonant before -oadd β€”es. There are cases where just β€”s is added. Words that end in β€”fe or β€”f have their own rule. Be careful, though. Not all words that end in β€”f change: che f β€” che fs. For nouns that end β€”ffjust add β€”s.

Nothing else changes: cli ff β€” cli ffspu ff β€” pu ffs. There are many words of Latin and French origin which have their own plural forms: basis β€” basesradius β€” radiietc. In other words, the singular and plural forms are exactly the same:.

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Spelling and Pronunciation Rules for Plural Nouns: Regular Plural Nouns

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plural forms of nouns rules

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plural forms of nouns rules

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